â— Promote 62 million energy-saving lamps, saving 3.2 billion kWh per year, reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 3.2 million tons and sulfur dioxide by 32,000 tons.
â— The promotion of energy-saving lamps, financial subsidies of about 280 million yuan, directly stimulating social consumption of 650 million yuan.
â— Promote high-quality energy-saving lamps, not only improve the lighting conditions of residents, but also save electricity costs. According to the electricity price of 0.5 yuan / kWh, the annual electricity cost is 1.6 billion yuan.
Promoting energy-saving products is an organic combination of growth and structural adjustment. In order to speed up the promotion of high-efficiency lighting products, save electricity and protect the environment, the National Development and Reform Commission and relevant departments organized and implemented China's green lighting project, and included in the 11th and 50th key energy-saving projects. Since the implementation of the Interim Measures for the Administration of Financial Subsidy Funds for Efficient Lighting Products Promotion, what is the promotion situation in various places and the actual effect of promotion? What can small energy-saving lamps do for energy conservation and emission reduction and expand domestic demand? In this regard, the National Development and Reform Commission Zhao Jiarong, Director of the Department of Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection, made a special interpretation.
Reporter: The Interim Measures for the Administration of Financial Subsidy Funds for Efficient Lighting Products Promotion is an important measure for the Chinese government to increase efforts to promote efficient lighting products and promote energy conservation and emission reduction targets. Specifically, what is the background of this policy and what kind of financial subsidy is adopted? What is the promotion situation everywhere?
Zhao Jiarong: In 2007, based on international experience, in-depth investigation and research, and repeated argumentation, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Finance researched and proposed a financial subsidy program for efficient lighting products promotion. At the end of the year, the Ministry of Finance and the National Development and Reform Commission jointly issued the Interim Measures for the Administration of Financial Subsidy Funds for Efficient Lighting Products Promotion. The measures stipulate the subsidy method and subsidy standards, and promote the enterprise and product requirements.
From the perspective of subsidy methods, indirect subsidies are used for promotion, that is, unified bidding to determine the high-efficiency lighting product promotion enterprises and the agreement supply price, the financial subsidy funds to replenish the winning bidders, and then the winning bidders according to the bid-winning agreement supply price minus the financial subsidy funds The price is sold to end users, and the ultimate beneficiaries are large users and urban and rural residents.
From the perspective of subsidy standards, each of the high-efficiency lighting products of the bulk users is subsidized at 30% of the supply price of the winning bid agreement; each high-efficiency lighting product for urban and rural residents is subsidized at 50% of the supply price of the winning bid agreement.
From the perspective of promoting enterprises and product requirements, the promotion enterprises are determined by the national unified bidding, and they are required to have a comprehensive after-sales service system and fulfill the agreed quality commitments (the bulk users are no less than one year, and the urban and rural residents are no less than two years). The high-efficiency lighting products provided by the promotion enterprises must meet the energy-saving evaluation value of the national energy efficiency standards of lighting products. The specifications and models must pass the certification of national energy-saving products, and the government subsidies and green-light engineering words should be printed on the outer packaging and the body.
Since the implementation of this policy, local energy conservation authorities and financial departments have carefully organized and implemented according to the unified arrangements of the state, formulated promotion plans, carried out publicity and training, strengthened organization and coordination, and promoted the progress of the work. Some local governments have formulated supporting subsidy policies based on state subsidies. For example, on the basis of 50% of the state subsidies in Beijing, the municipal and district governments subsidize 30% and 10% respectively, and introduce a one-yuan energy-saving lamp policy; Shanxi Province provides subsidies for different users according to the standard of 20% to 40%; Hebei In Shaanxi, Ningxia, Yunnan and other provinces (districts), energy-saving lamps are distributed free of charge to low-income households, military martyrs and difficult households; Ningbo City is subsidized by the municipal and county-level financial institutions, and energy-saving lamps are replaced free of charge for primary and secondary schools; A 15% subsidy policy was proposed.
Reporter: Through the financial subsidies to promote efficient lighting products, as of now, what is the status of the task completion? What positive aspects have been produced?
Zhao Jiarong: In 2008, all localities and relevant departments increased their promotion efforts on the basis of the 50 million promotion tasks issued by the National Development and Reform Commission. As of the end of January this year, a total of 62 million energy-saving lamps were promoted and achieved remarkable results. Electricity saves money, and social energy conservation and emission reduction expand domestic demand.
The first is to promote energy conservation and emission reduction. It will promote 62 million energy-saving lamps, saving 3.2 billion kWh per year, reducing emissions of 3.2 million tons of carbon dioxide and 32,000 tons of sulfur dioxide. It has played a positive role in promoting the ten key energy-saving projects and achieving the energy conservation goals of the 11th Five-Year Plan.
The second is to expand consumer demand. The promotion of energy-saving lamps, financial subsidies of about 280 million yuan, directly stimulating social consumption of 650 million yuan. In the fourth quarter of last year, the export of most energy-saving lamp manufacturers was affected. The promotion of energy-saving lamps through financial subsidies drove the domestic market demand and made up for the losses caused by export restrictions.
The third is to support the development of enterprises. On the one hand, some energy-saving lamp manufacturers emerged through bidding, which increased their visibility and enhanced their competitiveness. On the other hand, the energy-saving lamp sales market was active, and the sales volume of domestic energy-saving lamps was increased, and the domestic market share increased.
The fourth is to drive down the price. After purchasing financial subsidies for energy-saving lamps, many residents also strongly urged the purchase of energy-saving lamps promoted by the state at the bid price. Through the promotion work, some enterprises have been promoted to take the bidding price as the benchmark, actively reduce the market retail price and improve the service quality to meet the growing consumer demand.
Fifth, users get benefits. The promotion of high-quality energy-saving lamps not only improved the lighting conditions of residents, but also saved electricity bills. According to the electricity price of 0.5 yuan / kWh, the annual electricity cost was 1.6 billion yuan. Through central and local financial subsidies, residential users receive the benefits of using energy-saving lamps at low or no cost.
Sixth is to enhance energy conservation awareness. Through the promotion work, the public's awareness of energy-saving lamps has been raised, the residents' willingness to use energy-efficient products has been enhanced, and reasonable consumption and green consumption have been guided by all sectors of society, and the enthusiasm of the masses to participate in energy conservation and emission reduction has been mobilized.
Reporter: Using financial subsidies to promote energy-saving lamps, from the perspective of local exploration and practice, what are the good experiences and practices?
Zhao Jiarong: In the work of promoting energy-saving lamps, all localities actively innovated and explored some successful promotion models. These successful practices have laid a good foundation for the expansion of energy-saving lamps and accumulated experience in promoting other energy-saving products.
Mode 1, the urban area takes the community as the focus. For example, in Beijing, more than 400 communities in four urban districts are selected for promotion. Collaboration between the neighborhood committee and the promotion enterprises will be announced in advance, and will be promoted one by one. More than 4 million energy-saving lamps will be promoted in more than one month. It is characterized by strong planning, high efficiency and orderly organization.
Mode 2, rural users focus on townships. For example, Shanxi Province at the township level of Changzhi and Yuncheng organized training for village committees and extension personnel, conducted in-depth demand surveys, registered households by household, unified distribution and promotion of products, and promoted 3 million energy-saving lamps within one month. The feature is to focus on replacing incandescent lamps, and the energy saving effect is remarkable.
Mode 3, centralized promotion of large users. For example, according to the characteristics of large-scale users' demand and large demand, Yunnan Province focuses on large enterprises (groups) and promotes them. Only 4 companies including Hongta Group and Honghe Group promoted 930,000 energy-saving lamps. It is characterized by strong organization, high efficiency and low cost.
Mode 4, the postal channel is promoted to the household. For example, Zhejiang Province has used the postal system to improve the information and logistics channels, and distributed promotional materials to the 800,000 households in Hangzhou. The postal receipts were used to determine user needs and delivered to the door through mail order. The characteristics are good publicity and convenient distribution.
Mode 5, online subscription is convenient for users. For example, Henan Province uses the government website to set up a financial subsidy energy-saving lamp to promote the purchase page, users can apply for purchase through the network. The features are convenient and fast, reducing the inconvenience caused by on-site purchase.
Reporter: In the next step, what other ideas and specific work should be done for the energy-saving lamp promotion activities?
Zhao Jiarong: This year, we will regard high-efficiency lighting products as an important part of expanding domestic demand, maintaining growth, and adjusting structure. We will conscientiously sum up experience and further promote the work to ensure that this policy benefits more people in rural and poor areas and effectively promotes domestic Consumer demand.
First, increase the promotion efforts. In order to meet the needs of the majority of users for financial subsidized products, expand the market sales scale of energy-saving lamps, and strive for greater energy-saving and emission reduction benefits, this year's goal is to promote 100 million, which can stimulate social consumption of more than 1 billion yuan.
The second is to expand and promote varieties. Recently organized the second round of promotion of enterprise and product bidding work, based on the promotion of ordinary lighting self-ballasted fluorescent lamps and three-color double-ended fluorescent lamps (T5, T8), increased high-pressure sodium lamps (for roads, industrial and mining lighting) lighting products. .
The third is to improve the promotion policy. Instruct local energy conservation authorities to improve and promote supporting methods, innovate and promote mechanisms, and improve the promotion effect. Develop more favorable subsidy policies for rural and poor areas. Study the feasibility of including high-tech lighting products such as semiconductor lighting (LED) in the scope of financial subsidies.
At the same time, on the basis of earnestly researching and summarizing the experience of high-efficiency lighting products, we will speed up research and propose subsidies for promoting energy-efficient products such as energy-saving air conditioners, and mobilize consumers' enthusiasm for purchasing energy-efficient products.
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