Master Chen Zhi (picture)

100 years ago, when the bells of the 20th century reverberated in China's dark night sky, advanced people have already noticed that the corrupt Qing Dynasty will soon be destroyed, and the dawn will soon come back. In the towns and villages that first contacted Western civilization, a group of Chinese talents was born along with the bells of this century. They dragged the little scorpion to witness the Revolution of 1911, and they were instructed by the "Mr. De" and "Mr. Sai" in the "May 4th" Movement. They rushed to the West and took a step forward in the new Japan, eagerly absorbing the knowledge of modern science and culture. Within a few years, they took a master's certificate, a doctoral certificate, gave up their superior life overseas, returned to the motherland of the warlord's misery, and worked hard, and in the 1930s, many of them became China's contemporary science and technology. The founder of various disciplines such as culture and education. Chen Zhi (Word Zhisheng), born in Hangzhou in 1902, is one of them. In 2002, the bells of the 21st century had just been knocked out. Chen Zhi, the architect of the whole journey through a hundred years of life, left the second room and a small hall of an apartment in the middle of Huaihai Road, Shanghai, which he moved in more than 60 years ago. Residence, died in Shanghai. Chen Lao was born in a family of poetry books and has been inspired by traditional culture and art since childhood. His grandfather Chen Hao was a famous painter and poet in the late Qing Dynasty. His father, Chen Han, was a good painter of Songzhu. He was one of the founders of Hangzhou Qiushi College (now the predecessor of Zhejiang University). In 1915, 13-year-old Chen Zhi was admitted to Beijing Tsinghua School and spent eight years. After graduating in 1923, he studied in the United States and went to the University of Pennsylvania to study architecture. After earning a bachelor's degree in architecture in 1927, he entered the institute for further study and obtained a master's degree one year later. 50 years later, an American friend named Roach still remembers Chen Zhi. He said: "Chen Zhi is not as restrained and restrained as other Chinese students. Chen and American students have more social and more popular expectations." During his studies in the United States, Chen Lao was not only outstanding in architecture, but also won the first prize of the Kepu Memorial Design Competition in 1926. He also studied under the famous baritone singer Horaton Connell of the Codys College of Music in Philadelphia. He studied vocal music for 4 years. In 1927, he was received by the US President, Coolidge, at the White House as a member of the University of Pennsylvania Choir. After returning to China in 1929, he was invited by Liang Sicheng to teach at the Department of Architecture of Northeastern University. In addition to teaching, he also worked with Liang Sicheng and Lin Huiyin to design and design Jilin University. In 1931, he resigned from the teaching office of Dongda University, and accepted the design task of Shanghai Zhejiang Industrial Bank Building in Shanghai. He also founded Zhao Shen Chen Zhi Architects in cooperation with Zhao Shen, who obtained a master's degree in architecture from the University of Pennsylvania in 1923. In the winter of 1931, after the "September 18th" Incident, Penn students and Dongda colleagues were exiled in Shanghai and invited to join. In 1933, they changed their name to Huagai Architects. From 1931 to 1937, when the war broke out, the firm designed a number of architectural boutiques in Shanghai and Nanjing, such as the Nanjing National Government Foreign Ministry Building, the Grand Shanghai Theatre, the Jincheng Grand Theatre, the Nanjing Zhongshan Cultural Education Center, and Zhejiang Xingye. Banks, etc. Although these works have their own designers in the design, it should be said that they are the crystallization of the sincere cooperation of the three giants of the Canopy (Zhao Shen, Chen Zhi, Tong??). For the building creative pointer of Huagai, Chen Lao said in an article in 1983: "We have agreed to abandon the "big roof" between the three people in the office. Only in an office building (the Ministry of Railways purchase committee building - In the design of the author's note, due to the coordination with the original building, the classical form had to be used. This was extremely valuable in Shanghai and Nanjing, where the Kuomintang government advocated “promoting state-owned culture”. At that time, Huagai’s attitude was that he would rather not win the bid and would not go with the flow to cater to some people (owners and official judges). For example, the Zhejiang Industrial Bank Building, designed mainly by Chen Zhi, broke through the façade of the popular bank building with small windows to close it, and adopted the large glass window façade between the columns, which is unique in the bank building. It should be said that some of Huagai's fine products occupy an indispensable position in the history of modern Chinese architecture. At Shanghai, the competition between Chinese architects and foreign architects is fierce. Like today, Huagai has won the trust of society with its fine design. After the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, Zhejiang First Commercial Bank had already been designed and paid for by the American architect Thompson, but in the end the owner invited Huagai to redesign. After liberation, Chen Lao has served as the deputy director and chief architect of the Shanghai Planning and Construction Administration, the president of the Shanghai Civil Architectural Design Institute and the chief architect, but has never left the plate. In addition to participating in and guiding some major domestic and international projects, he also personally presided over the design of the Jinshan Chemical Plant Living Area, the Friendship Hall of the Sudanese Democratic Republic, and the Shanghai International Seafarers' Club. In particular, the Lu Xun tomb of Shanghai Hongkou Park, designed by Chen Lao in 1956, has a lot of innovation, leaving people with infinite imagination. After Chen retired to the second line in his 80s, he still cares about the construction of Shanghai. During the year 1987-1988, he often visited the site of Shanghai's modern buildings on his own, and it is said that there are more than 80 times, and proposed a list of modern building protection in Shanghai. At that time, there were 59 projects approved by the Shanghai Municipal Government as first-class protection projects for modern buildings. Not only for Shanghai, but also for Beijing's urban planning and construction, Chen Lao is also very concerned. In 1958, when the design plan of the Great Hall of the People in Beijing was approved and started, he and four other professors in Shanghai (Wu Jingxiang, Feng Jizhong, Huang Zuo? (8) ordered) and the architect Zhao Shen jointly wrote to Premier Zhou Enlai, stating Their opinions on the design of the Great Hall of the People. After seeing the letter, Premier Zhou passed the then deputy mayor of Beijing, Wu Hao, and called Professor Liu Jing to interview. In Beijing, Premier Zhou personally attended the forum and listened to their opinions. So far, apart from being able to know some of the contents of this submission in the memoirs of individual people, I have not yet found the original opinion, and water is not a pity. In the year of his death, Chen is still studying. When he read the book "Yang Tingbao's Talk about Architecture" written by Qi Kang in the "Building Library" edited by me, I wrote a letter to me in detail about the situation of Chinese students studying at the University of Pennsylvania in the 1920s. I added a comment in the version. Since then, after some days, Chen Laocai told me that when he is older, he often forgets the words. In order to write a letter without writing a typo, I don't know how many times to read the dictionary. Not only that, but every letter will be restored. Only this point, you can know how serious Chen is to everything. The following is a letter from Chen Laofu in 1996. It is very kind and very modest, and very funny. Comrade Yongsheng: A long time! When the year of B is coming, I wish you a good health, happiness, and good luck! I am giving a copy of the Korean Architectural Society’s publication, and I am so impressed with it. I am very grateful to introduce this old man with 200 words. I feel embarrassed. I should be in the ranks of architects. For me, for me. After the wave is not pushing the waves, but swallowing the waves. "Architect" has been known overseas, and every thought is overwhelming and admirable. I would like to thank you for your help! Chen Zhishang on February 18 (New Year's Eve) Chen Laosheng engaged in architectural design. He summed up five design principles: inheriting the essence of national tradition, highlighting the inherent style of the place, expressing the characteristics of the architectural nature, reflecting the advanced content and display of technology. The pace of the times. I believe that these five principles are absolutely true and deserve to be deeply thought out and deliberately pursued.


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